Are you using the correct terminology?

Examples of what is included in Neurodiversity – Autism, ADHD (inattentive, Hyperactive/Impulsive and Combination), Dyslexia, Dyspraxia, Dyscalculia, Dysgraphia, Face blindness, Pathological Demand Avoidance, (PDA) Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), Rejection Sensitive Disorder (RSD), Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) or Sensitivity (SPS), Highly Sensitive Person (HSP), Tourette’s, Hyperlexia, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Synaesthesia, Developmental Language Disorder (DLD). All potentially leading to Anxiety and Depression. (Not an exhaustive list)

Some examples of common co-occurring conditions:

Ehlers Danlos Syndrome, Down’s Syndrome, Epilepsy/seizures, Sleep disorders, , Gastrointestinal disorders, feeding/tasting challenges, Obesity or a Controlling Eating Disorder, (anorexia, anorexia athletics, bulimia) Bipolar, Mood Disorder (BMD) Learning difficulties or disabilities, Metabolic disorders, Memory issues, Language issues / non verbal, fragile X syndrome and tuberous sclerosis complex (Not an exhaustive list)

Terminology

“Neurodiverse” refers to a group of people where some members of that group are neurodivergent.

“Neurodiversity” is the range of differences in individual brain function and behavioural traits, regarded as part of normal variation in the human population (used especially in the context of autistic spectrum disorders).

A “Neurodivergent” individual is defined as one whose neurological development and state are atypical, usually viewed as abnormal or extreme. (!)

“Neurodivergence” is the difference in our brains. (Deviating from what the DSM-5 considers “Normal” or Neurotypical.)

“Neurotypical” describes the individuals who are not considered to be Neurodiverse, and for whom the majority of society, systems, processes and policies are set up. As per the DSM-5.

The terms high functioning or low function are retired terms, we would say high or low support needs instead.

Asperger’s is no longer used to diagnose Autism with lower support needs. (High functioning as it was called).

This does not impact those with a diagnosis of Asperger’s who wish to refer to themselves as Aspie etc, that is their personal choice and should be respected. 

It is not our job to police others, but to educate them.